Measles (Rubeola) is a very contagious respiratory virus that can be especially serious in children under age 5. The disease can lead to ear infections, diarrhea, pneumonia, encephalitis (swelling of the brain), deafness, and death. It is spread through the air when an infected person coughs or sneezes. Measles can easily be prevented by receiving the Measles, Mumps and Rubella (MMR) vaccine.
Measles starts as fever causing a cough, runny nose and and/or conjunctivitis (pink eye) lasting 2 to 4 days. Then a rash of tiny spots breaks out starting at the head and spreading to the rest of the body. Individuals are contagious from 4 days before the rash starts until 4 days afterwards.
Vaccinations for Children
St. Louis County Public Health encourages children be given two doses of the MMR vaccine, as is recommended by the Minnesota Department of Health (MDH) and Centers for Disease Control (CDC). Children should receive the first dose at age 12 to 15 months and the second dose at age 4 to 6 years. MMR vaccination is required
for child care, early childhood programs, and school (public and private). Parents may file a legal or medical exemption.
Children can receive vaccinations from their primary health care provider, community free clinics, or at St. Louis County Public Health. Public Health provides immunizations for children that meet the Minnesota Vaccine for Children (MnVFC) criteria. To schedule a child’s immunization appointment with us, call:
800-450-9777 (Toll Free)
Vaccinations for adults
Adults should check their vaccination records
for documentation of measles immunization or verify proof of measles immunity. Adults born between 1957 and 1978 may not have immunity from disease and should consult with their health care provider if MMR vaccination is needed. According to the Centers for Disease Control, the MMR vaccine is NOT needed if you were born before 1957 as measles was prevalent during childhood for this age.
For more information about Measles and the MMR Vaccination contact St. Louis County Public Health at 1-800-450-9777 or your health care provider.